Do You Think Who Owns The Entire Internet?

Let's take a short trip from the realm of fantasy. Slowly close your eyes, imagine you are sitting in a huge hall. The house is full of people from all over the world, they themselves are talking in their own mother tongue. There is chaos in the house, no one understands what anyone is saying. Now you must slap the table and say stop.

If you talk like this, can someone understand someone? Then you set a standard for communicating with them and set some rules so that everyone can communicate with everyone else. The Internet is a system in which different computers in different countries can communicate with each other in an orderly manner. However, this will never be possible without following specific principles.


Internet is an integrated connection of different networks. As mentioned earlier these connections are governed by certain rules called Protocols. These rules keep communication running smoothly across all networks. But all this depends on the huge infrastructure of routers, network access points (NAP) and computer systems.

Then transmitting network signals requires artificial satellites, thousands of miles of cable and thousands of wireless routers. The global system that is composed of so many things could not be limited to anything, crossing country after country, seas oceans and mountains. No country's borders could hold back the blessings of this ongoing technology. Day by day it is connecting hundreds of networks.

It's like a snake game on mobile, eating and growing. Almost every country in the world now has an internet connection. Everyone in today's world is now covered by a specific network. Now the question is who is controlling this huge network? Welcome to the rest of the tune to answer that.

Who owns the entire internet?

We can call the giant internet that is made up of many small systems a special entity. Now who will be the entity of this entity? Is it controlled by one or many or a particular group? What does your mind say? Is it really possible to be controlled by any particular person? However, many may be confused by the question, let's give two options. Let's see if it matches your idea.

The owner of the entire internet-
  • A. no one
  • b. many people

If you think the internet is a collective but singular entity and no one owns it. Then of course there will be some specific organization for it which regulates its structure and functioning but they have no ownership over the entire system. No country's government can establish ownership over it. Or think thousands of people own it.

If you think of the Internet as a collection of many parts, there are many people who own each part and work on its development. Your thoughts, however close you may be, differ little from reality. Let's find out what the difference is.

The real owner of the internet

The physical network that transports Internet traffic between different computers is called Internet Backbone. ARPANET served as the backbone of the Internet in earlier days. But currently there are various companies that are acting as internet backbone by supplying routers and cables. These companies are called Internet service providers or ISPs (Internet Service Providers). Now any country or if anyone wants to get internet access for their needs then they must contact this ISP. The famous ISPs or Internet service providers in the world are UUNET, Level 3, Verizon, AT&T, Qwest, Sprint, Sprint, IBM etc.

Small ISPs have been created from big ISPs. Those who serve us. Here it is necessary to remember that the system that exchanges our computer to computer data is called Internet Exchange Points (IXP). Various companies and some non-profit organizations manage it. Now the thing is that every different ISP has a different internet. Now if you have to connect to that internet with a single computer then you are also the owner of that internet.

It means, you yourself own a part of the internet. Because no one owns the entire internet. Although many organizations or governments of countries can build their own Internet system, which is called Local Area Network or LAN (Local Area Network). However, the point is that you and I each own a piece of the Internet. You have claimed yourself as the owner, now the question does not come to mind that you have taken responsibility for this thing? If you don't take responsibility for it, who will take responsibility for all this?

Who is responsible for everything?

The nature of people is that they cannot take responsibility at work even if they talk a lot. If I give you the responsibility of the Internet in the way that I made you happy by making you the owner of the Internet, then you will cancel my point about taking responsibility. However, I said earlier that the internet system runs on certain rules which we call protocols.

By following those protocols, one computer transmits information to another computer using the Internet network. No computer can transmit data without following the protocol. Now if there is no protocol you must first ensure that you understand the information you are passing to the other computer. And the information you send will reach the right destination.

Now, at the rate at which the Internet is evolving, it is foolish to think that 20th century protocols will be the same as 21st century protocols, or last year's protocols will be the same as next year's protocols. As the Internet evolves, so do these protocols. That means, somebody has to change these rules to mean protocol. I won't ask you any more, there are many organizations who are diligently working to fix the entire internet structure and protocol. Let's know something about them.

  • The Internet Society: A non-profit organization working to set and develop Internet standards and policy.
  • The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF): This is an international organization that has an open membership policy and works in different groups. This organization uses skilled manpower for each section by dividing the various topics of the Internet. This stability of the present internet is the outstanding contribution of this organization.
  • The Internet Architecture Board (IAB): They generally work on developing Internet protocols and setting standards.
  • The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): This organization is a private but non-profit organization whose job is to ensure that each domain name system (Domain Name System (DNS)) has the correct IP address linked.

Although these organizations do everything for the Internet, they can never claim ownership of the Internet. The fact is that there is no centralized ownership of the Internet. Although many have worked on its development, no one has yet claimed ownership of it.

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